Blood sugar and Diabetics Both are different terms
1. A condition wherein blood glucose remains elevated and the ability to maintain under normal limits is reduced or decreased.
2. Raised blood sugar (glucose) level leads too many complications which if not maintained could lead to heart, kidney, and eye issues.
1. Sugar is a food substance obtained from the processing of sugarcane.
2. Since it is made up of glucose and fructose.. People use it invariably in place of glucose when talking about diabetes.
3. Dietary sugar does increases blood glucose levels quickly
Your body, especially your brain, is powered by glucose, the simplest sugars. When you eat food, the sugars and starches are broken down into glucose which enters the blood stream and is transported to where it is required and it is taken up by the cells using a hormone called insulin. If there is more glucose in the blood than is immediately required it is stored for later use. If there is not enough glucose in the blood it is topped up from the stored glucose.
The stored glucose can be converted to fat and too much fat can affect the mechanisms that regulate the glucose levels. Diabetes, both types, greatly affect how this mechanism works, type 1 because there is no insulin produced by the body, type 2 because the body cannot use the insulin properly.
If blood sugar drops too low, hypoglycemia, then the brain and muscles stop working properly, you can appear drunk and eventually will black out.
If blood sugar is too high, hyperglycemia, it can cause damage to various organs in the body, such as nerves, kidneys, blood vessels, eyes. Left untreated it can quickly become Diabetic ketoacidosis which can quickly become fatal. This is what happens to diabetics who don’t take their insulin. It is not a good way to die.
Low blood sugars (hypoglycemia) are, by far the most dangerous.
Short term problems with hypoglycemia can be anything from falling and hurting yourself a little, all the way to irreversible death if it’s left untreated for too long.
On a longer term outlook, hypoglycemia frequently leads to hyperglycemia (being too “high”), through what is termed the rebound effect. So with hypoglycemia, you not only have to worry about getting your sugar up, but also you have to pay close attention and notate it rebound too much.
It is for these reasons that I say hypoglycemia is far more dangerous a foe than its cousin, hyperglycemia!
If your blood sugar is zero
Can be hypoglycemic shock, coma and death. Overdosing on insulin is a means to achieve this, remembering we only ever carry one to two teaspoons of sugar in our blood.
There are certain parts of the body that require sugar to function including parts of the brain and the red blood cells. The brain is very energy hungry and needs a constant supply of glucose. Without this it is very quickly going to cease to function properly including neurotransmitter production which requires a glucose substrate.
Before you reach zero, your body will try to compensate for a lack of glucose by ramping up ketone production which most cells of the body will preferentially use for energy production, saving glucose for those functions which must have it. Most of the cells of body can function on ketones instead of glucose to get its energy as ketones can also feed the mitochondria liberating ATP via the KREBs cycle. In this scenario those who are in ketosis (keto-adapted) will likely last a lot longer than those who aren't.
Difference in blood Sugar and Diabetics
Blood sugar is the monosaccharide glucose (C6H12O6); DM (Diabetes Mellitus) is a medical condition in which an animals BG (Blood Glucose) is elevated above normal levels persistently.
Glucose is the fuel our bodies run on; without it, we die. This is true of all mammals; not only do people get DM, animals can too many folks have cats and dogs that have DM.
There’s ANOTHER type of “diabetes” called DI - Diabetes Insipidus; this one has NOTHING to do with blood sugar; it’s a disease involving a lack of, poor storage of, or inefficient use of the hormone vasopressin.