The name diabetes comes from the Latin diabētēs, which in turn comes from Ancient Greek διαβήτης (diabētēs). The name refers to its major symptom polyuria (frequent urination). The literal meaning of the word is “a passer through; a siphon”.
The name is first used for a disease causing an “excessive discharge of urine” by the 2nd century Greek physician, Aretaeus of Cappadocia, but the symptom itself was recorded by a 3rd Dynasty by physician Hesy-Ra.
The word “diabetes” is first recorded in English, in the form "diabete", in a medical text written around 1425. It was commonly referred to as “the pissing evil” during the Middle Ages.
Mellitus comes from the Latin word for honey and refers to the “sweetness” of the urine, due to glycosuria (excretion of glucose into urine). Up through the 11th Century, diabetes was commonly diagnosed by “water tasters”, who would drink the urine of those suspected of having diabetes and describe its characteristics, including whether it tasted sweet.
Insipidus comes from the Latin insipidus, meaning tasteless. This is because diabetes insipidus does not exhibit glycosuria.
Diabetes can be genetic in origin, that is, it can be traced in the genes of certain families. If you have a family history of diabetes, then you need to be careful and extra vigilant in recognizing the early symptoms of diabetes. Being able to catch the early symptoms of diabetes can determine whether your diabetes is severe or manageable with medications and a strict diet.
There are races which are more prone to diabetes compared to others. This who have traces of Native American, African American, Latino and Pacific Islander heritage are prone to diabetes. An individual's weight, lifestyle, age, and genes are among the factors which can trigger diabetes in an individual. A family history of diabetes can be the reason why many people always have checked ups to see if their body is functioning as it should be
Causes of diabetes:
Stress, physical (injury) or mental or emotional. It is the main contributor.
Nuking pancreas with sugar. Especially in liquid form as Aerated drinks. Mock tails, Cold drinks, Sweetened beverages, canned juices or fresh juices with added glucose. It is most contributor because in simple terms our body is made to slowly make sugar as much as half spoon from food that too in four hours but we provide it in slippy liquid form that too uncountable. Yes, it is the main factor in type 2 diabetes in teens.
Bad fats toxicity. It creates problem in circulation of blood from blockages to nerves. Weight over BMI or waist over 40 inches is it's indicator.
Insulin resistance it's symptom is urine going dark yellow. It happens due to non-following of glycemic load limits.
Lack of vitamin D. It is also a major factor in type 2 at early or elderly age. If vitamin d is 50 means you are five times away from diabetes. If it is 10 - 20 means you are surely prone. You may not get vitamin D inspire of roaming in sun whole day. Because it has a method that skin pores must be open and not contain any dirt, water, oil or anything and hands, feet, face must be visible in sunlight.
Sugar can cause diabetes but diabetes definitely cause increase in sugar levels in blood
Types of Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus or Type 1 involves an inability of the body to make insulin resulting in very high blood sugar levels. This is usually an autoimmune issue which may have a genetic component or be caused by a viral infection, usually quite sensitive to insulin and are frequently ‘brittle diabetics’. They are subject to diabetic ketoacidosis. The only treatments are insulin or beta cell transplantation
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system starts to recognize insulin-producing beta cells as a foreign entity. The immune system destroys those beta cells over time, and they become unable to produce the required insulin to feed the muscles, organs, and fat cells.
Risk factors that increase the onset of type 1 diabetes include,
· Family history: Type 1 diabetes involves a genetic susceptibility to developing the disease; if a family member has had type 1, you are at a higher risk.
· Viral infections: Certain viruses (such as German measles, coxsackie, and mumps) may trigger the development of type 1 diabetes by causing the immune system to turn against the body.
· Race/ethnicity: In the U.S., Caucasians seem to be more susceptible to type 1 than African-Americans and Hispanic-Americans.
· Geography: People who live in northern climates seem to be at a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can come on suddenly and include:
· Increased thirst and frequent urination – When diabetes escalates your blood sugar, your kidneys may not be able to resolve the situation. Thus, the body produces more urine, which requires increased fluids. The result: you’ll need to urinate more often, and as a result, you can get very thirsty. And when you drink more, you’ll need to urinate more often as well.
· Severe hunger – If your body doesn’t make enough insulin, or if your cells resist the insulin your body produces, the glucose can’t permeate the tissues. Subsequently, you will experience decreased energy, increased hunger, and lethargy.
· Dry mouth and itchy skin – Because your body is using fluids to make urine, there’s less moisture for other bodily functions. You may get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can also make you itchy.
Other early symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
· Unintended weight loss
· Sudden bed-wetting in children
· Irritability and mood swings
· Fatigue and weakness
· Blurry vision
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus Type 2 is associated with obesity and actually has elevated levels of insulin in the blood. The body has become resistant to the insulin so it takes more and more until it exceeds the capacity of the pancreas to make enough insulin. This can be treated by several medications that either increase the release of insulin from the pancreas or decrease the resistance to the insulin. These patients are typically older (though it has been seen in teenagers with obesity) and is markedly by weight loss and lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet.
Diabetes insipidus is caused by damage to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland which makes a hormone called Antidiuretics Hormone (ADH) which signals the kidney to concentrate the urine. As a result the patient produces voluminous very dilute urine and is at risk for dehydration. Notice this form of diabetes has nothing to do with sugar. It is treated with increased fluids and ADH which can be admin I have injections or by nasal spray.
Age, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and family history influence the onset of diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, your pancreas produces relatively normal amounts of insulin. However, your body is unable to use insulin effectively. As a consequence, blood sugar control is abnormal, primarily due to insulin resistance.
You are more likely to develop type 2 if you Are overweight or obese or
· Are 45 years of age or older
· Have a family history of diabetes
· Are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander
· Have high blood pressure
· Are not physically active diabetes if you:
· Have a history of heart disease or stroke
Type 2 diabetes is often preventable by taking several simple steps: keeping weight under control, exercising more, eating a healthy diet, and refraining from smoking.
Early signs of type 2 diabetes include:
· Yeast infections – Yeast infections can occur in both men and women with diabetes. Yeast feeds on glucose, so excess glucose makes it thrive. Infections can grow in any warm, moist fold of skin, including: Between fingers and toes under breasts or around sex organs
· Slow healing of cuts and wounds – High levels of sugar in the blood can damage the body’s nerves and blood vessels, which can impair blood circulation. As a result, even small cuts and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.
· Increased hunger – Your body uses the glucose in your blood to feed your cells. Type 2 diabetes impedes this process, which prohibits your cells from absorbing glucose. As a result, your body is continually looking for more fuel, causing persistent hunger.
· Nerve pain or numbness – You are likely to experience this after years of living with diabetes, but it can be the first sign for many.
· Blurred vision – Blurred vision usually occurs early in unmanaged diabetes. It can be a result of sudden high blood sugar levels, which affect the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, causing fluid to seep into the lens of the eye.
· Dark skin patches – Dark, velvety discoloration in the folds of your skin is called acanthosis nigricans. It’s most common in the armpits, neck, and groin regions, and the skin also becomes thickened.
Early signs of type 2 diabetes may also include:
· Frequent urination, including during the night
· Extreme thirst
· Unexplained weight loss
There’s ANOTHER type of “diabetes” called Diabetes Insipidus, this one has NOTHING to do with blood sugar; it’s a disease involving a lack of, poor storage of, or inefficient use of the hormone vasopressin.