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Restless legs syndrome | RLS | causes and symptoms

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)



Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a recognized neurological disorder and in generally a longterm disorder that can interfere with resting or falling asleep. If you have restless legs syndrome, a typical night might go like this: You lie down in bed, ready to go to sleep, and just as your body begins to relax, an uncomfortable leg sensations begins to overwhelm your legs. You try to ignore the crawling, tingling, or itching in your legs, hoping it will go away, but it only gets worse. You toss and turn for a while, but eventually the urge to move is too much. You get out of bed to stretch and pace the floor and, for a moment, you find relief. But when you lie down again, the restless sensations in your legs start all over again. Understanding RLS although restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common, many studies estimate that 1 out of 10 people have restless leg syndrome, it hasn’t always been easy to find help and support. Unfortunately, many RLS sufferers never get proper treatment because it’s hard to explain and often misdiagnosed as being “nervous.” Other people, even doctors, may not take restless legs seriously, recognize the symptoms, or realize it’s a real medical condition. Those who haven’t experienced the distressing symptoms may not understand how severely restless legs syndrome can impact the quality of your rest and that of your bed partner.




Causes of Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)


Experts believe that restless legs syndrome is caused by an imbalance of dopamine, a chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells in the brain. Restless legs syndrome is usually genetic, about 60% of people with restless legs have a family member with the condition. Although anyone can have restless legs syndrome, it is more common in older adults and women. In fact, about 40% of mothers experience temporary restless legs syndrome during pregnancy. Health conditions such as diabetes, iron deficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney failure can also trigger restless legs syndrome.


Signs and symptoms of Restless leg syndrome (RLS)


Not only are the signs and symptoms of restless legs syndrome different from person to person, but also they can be tricky to explain. Some people describe the leg sensations as “creeping,” “prickling,” “burning,” “tingling,” or “tugging.” Others say it feels as if bugs are crawling up their legs, a fizzy soda is bubbling through their veins, or they have a “deep bone itch.


Leg discomfort and strong feeling to move


Uncomfortable sensations deep within the legs, accompanied by a strong, often irresistible urge to move them. Many describe the sensations as tingling,, a “creepy crawly” feeling, itching, or pulling.


Rest triggers the symptoms


Leg pain is normally trigged by activity and relieved by rest, but with restless legs syndrome, the reverse is true. Restless leg symptoms start or become worse when you’re sitting, relaxing, or trying to rest.


Symptoms at night


RLS typically up at night, especially when you’re lying down. In severe cases, the symptoms may begin earlier in the day, but they become much more intense at bedtime.


Walk or move your legs.


The uncomfortable sensations temporarily get better when you move, stretch, or massage your legs. The relief continues as long as you keep moving. Many people with restless legs syndrome also have periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), a sleep disorder that involves repetitive cramping or jerking of the legs during sleep. These leg movements further disrupt your sleep




https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/restless-legs-syndrome/

https://www.healthline.com/health/restless-leg-syndrome#causes-of-rls

quora.com

https://www.sleepfoundation.org/sleep-disorders/restless-legs-syndrome-rls




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