Updated: Aug 3
Basically, high blood pressure medication available on the market work in a number of different methods or with different mode of actions. Each is adjusted for the condition of blood pressure and blood pressure triggers appear. And from each of these methods found a number of different side effects as well.
And as explained, the types of high blood medications commonly prescribed for hypertensive patients include:
Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
This type of drug is among the most commonly prescribed for hypertensive patients. The main performance of this type of drug lies in its ability to inhibit the production of angiostensin enzymes. This enzyme is responsible for sending signals to increase pressure on circulation and blood vessels.
Most patients get this therapy because of the consideration that this type of drug tends to be safer for the kidneys, because many hypertensive patients also complain of kidney problems. It's just that these drugs can have side effects such as the effects of dry cough, bloating, complaints on the head and sometimes accompanied by issues on gastric health and migraine effects.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
This type of drug works with an effect similar to the type of ACE inhibitors. If the type of ACE Inhibitor decreases the production of angiostensin enzymes, then the type of ARBs therapy has more influential performance to reduce the working ability of the angiostensin enzyme.
Which includes the type of ARB drugs include Candesartan or Losartan. This type of drug is safe for the kidneys and does not cause complaints of dry cough as an ACE inhibitor pad. However, ARBs will trigger complaints of weakness, dizziness and body balance issues. Sometimes patients become susceptible to experiencing vertigo when you suddenly experience an increase in blood pressure. Sometimes patients are also at risk of experiencing drowsiness and dizziness.
This type of high blood medicine is usually given as a companion in high blood pressure therapy. Beta blockers generally work to reduce pressure on the heart and help the heart beat to work more slowly. In this way the pressure on the blood circulation will go down and help overcome hypertension.
But on the other hand, drugs on the market commonly known as acebutolol, betaxolol or atenolol actually cause a slowdown in body function. Slowing circulation causes the body to become weak, easily drowsiness, dizziness, migraine and complaints of difficulty concentrating. Patients also experience mild disorders such as cold hands and feet. In addition, when you suddenly quit the Beta Blocker after long-term consumption it can cause an attack of angina, aka sitting wind.
This type of high blood pressure drug works to influence a number of enzymes and hormones in the body that manage fluid conditions in the body. On the one hand, the therapy which is usually focused on inhibiting the production and performance of the hormone adrenaline will help dilate blood vessels which will effectively cope with high blood pressure.
But on the other hand, the usual therapy found in the market with the name Dexazosin, Prazosin, and Terazosin will trigger complaints of dizziness, lack of concentration and complaints of the body limp. In a number of cases it was found that a decrease in adrenaline levels also causes edema effects in the legs.
This type of high blood pressure medication is one focus to help increase the flow of fluid to the kidneys which will help reduce blood pressure levels. The goal is to reduce levels of sodium which causes blood to become thicker while reducing blood volume which reduces pressure on blood vessels.
Usually drugs in this type of diuretic do indeed function as companion therapy. The market is known as hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide), chlorthalidone and others. This type of drug will cause people to urinate more frequently. And therefore you should drink more to cover your body's fluid needs. You can be at risk of experiencing mild dehydration.
Calcium Channel Blocker
Another type of medication for high blood pressure that is usually given as routine therapy is the type of Calcium Channel Blocker. The existence of this drug will help reduce the dissolution of calcium in small canals in the blood vessels and the heart. The problem is, if the level of dissolved calcium is in excessive levels, its nature will disrupt the body's alkaline balance and trigger an increase in blood volume.
This therapy will work to close the micro canals in the body. Prevents alkaline imbalances and maintains levels of dissolved fluids in the blood. On the other hand therapy with this drug is good for helping bone health. It's just that you should avoid Calcium Channel Blocker therapy with potassium therapy which will trigger damage to the kidneys.