Anemia is a medical condition in which total number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in body goes below to normal for example the level of hemoglobin goes below 13.5 gram/100 ml in men and 12.0 gram/100 ml. in women. It is one of the common blood disorder, estimated to have affected at least 1.62 billion people globally.
Anemia can be caused by blood loss, decreased red blood cell production, and increased red blood cell breakdown, blood loss include trauma and gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes of decreased production include iron deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency, thalassemia, and a number of neoplasms of the bone marrow.
Untreated Anemia depends on the cause, the severity, and whether or not the condition is getting worse. The key with anemia is to remember the function of the red blood cell, and more importantly, hemoglobin. Red Blood Cells (RBCs) are in charge of carrying oxygen to our cells. If there are too few RBCs, or if the RBCs or hemoglobin are formed abnormally, then anemia occurs and the ability for the cells to receive the necessary amounts of oxygen (and expel the necessary amounts of carbon dioxide) is compromised.
What is Delusional anemia
even normal or in during pregnancy because the blood volume doubles to accommodate the fetus and the placenta, but the number of red blood cells does not really compensate in equal number. Pregnant women are often given iron supplements, but this type of anemia isn't really treated because it will ultimately go away around the time of delivery.
If you're anemic because you have cancer and your bone marrow isn't producing red blood cells, your anemia can ultimately be fatal if left untreated. If your body is producing abnormal and ineffective red blood cells (or even no RBCs at all), your cells will be left unable to receive new oxygen or expel carbon dioxide. Eventually, you'll basically suffocate or have a heart attack unless the anemia (and probably also the cancer) are addressed and treated. Similarly, an enlarged spleen can consume blood cells too quickly or a wound can result in hemorrhaging that cause’s significant blood loss. These causes also have a high morbidity and mortality rate if left completely untreated.
Some people eat imbalanced diets and do not take in enough iron, have an issue with absorbing vitamin B12, experience a heavy menstrual flow, or some conditions that alter the absorption of vitamins/minerals (like Crohn's Disease). These conditions can result in a more chronic anemia that may result in symptoms, but may not necessarily be fatal. Symptoms of anemia include pale skin, shortness of breath, fatigue, fast heart rate, brittle nails, dizziness, and headache
Anemia can be fatal?
There are many forms of anemia, each with its own cause. Anemia can be temporary or long term, and it can range from mild to severe. See your doctor if you suspect you have anemia because it can be a warning sign of serious illness.
If you have to ask this question, get yourself or loved one to a physician or an oncology or blood specialist immediately.
Aplastic anemia is a rare, potentially fatal disease in which the bone marrow doesn't make enough blood cells. The bone marrow is the central portion of the bones that is responsible for making,
Red blood cells, red blood cells carry oxygen.
White blood cells, white blood cells fight infection
Platelets, platelets help blood to clot
The bone marrow releases the cells and platelets into the blood stream.
A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test that measures the number of red cells, white cells and platelets circulating in the blood stream. People with aplastic anemia have low levels of all three types of blood cells that are normally manufactured in the bone marrow.
Aplastic anemia is a problem with cells in the bone marrow called stem cells. Stem cells are the basic "mother cells" that develop into the three types of blood cells. In aplastic anemia, something either destroys the stem cells or drastically changes the environment of the bone marrow so that the stem cells can't develop properly. Several factors can cause this problem, including,
Exposure to radiation or radiation sickness
Environmental toxins (insecticides, benzene, nitrogen mustards)
Many different medications, including chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin), phenylbutazone (Butazolidin), sulfonamides (Gantanol and others), anticonvulsants, cimetidine (Tagamet) and others
Certain viral infections, including viral hepatitis B, parvovirus B19, HIV and infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr viral infection)
Autoimmune disease, where the body inappropriately attacks its own blood stem cells
Anemia is simply a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body. Red blood cells are essential to the body because it is the hemoglobin in the red blood cells which carry and transport oxygen to all the cells of the body. Without oxygen transport you would be unable to survive.
Regardless the cause of anemia it can be a significant health issue. Your body can compensate for some decrease in red blood cell counts and oxygen carrying capacity dependent upon other co-morbid conditions such as heart disease, lung disease or cerebrovascular disease.
Sudden decreases in red blood cells such as occurs in hemorrhage are more difficult for the body to adjust to and can be very symptomatic with a person experiencing dizziness, light headedness, passing out, shortness of breath and fatigue. Slow decreases of blood counts are less symptomatic.
In in all cases there comes a point where one's ability to tolerate decreases in oxygen carrying capacity becomes harmful to the individual and can cause death.
Sports Anemia or False Anemia or pseudoanemia
Sports anemia, also called exercise-induced anemia or pseudoanemia, with endurance exercise there is an increase in plasma blood volume that is proportional to the exercise intensity. Since this increase of plasma is greater proportionally then the increase in red blood cells, the hematocrit levels may be interpreted to be lower in the endurance exerciser. Also it explained explain that exercise stimulates an increase in red blood cells, but this is outpaced by the superior increase in plasma volume. This explains why the term 'sports anemia' is misleading, as it is not true anemia, just exercise-induced increases in plasma volume. Interestingly, one advantage of having this proportionally greater plasma volume is there is lower blood viscosity (i.e., the blood is thinner), which may lead to a more efficient cardiac output (i.e., less resistance on heart's stroke volume), enhanced delivery of blood to the working muscle, lower exercise heart rate and better dissipation of heat during exercise (Schumacher et al, 2001).
Importantly, Kong and colleagues (2014) suggest that for some enthusiasts, intense endurance exercise may lead to chronic low-iron status, which will eventually impair an athlete's performance and health. They note that the mechanism for this exercise-induced iron deficiency is yet to be fully explained in the research. Pre-menopausal female endurance clients may be at a higher risk for iron loss during menstruation.
As Athletes may experience the anemia symptoms as a result of iron deficiency, particularly with anemia you will feel weakness, general fatigue or exhaustion, decreased exercise performance, increased heart rate and shortness of breath during exercise, headaches, and dizziness. But any of these symptoms can also happens to anybody as well so you need to confirm that from the doctors.
Usually the most common cause of anemia is low iron levels in the blood in iron-deficiency anemia. Without iron, your red blood cells may become low in a protein called hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. You essentially begin to suffocate from within and starts to get weak.
Here are some common symptoms of Anemia
Is Anemia related to exercise?
So the answer is yes as if you have chronic anemia, exercise may leave you easily fatigued and short of breath. This happens because your blood is iron deficient and carries less oxygen to working muscles, so even when doing moderate physical activity can feel significantly more hard and difficult.
Exercise Tips for Managing Anemia:
So at the same time exercise may also help you cure anemia and if you do have kidney disease, exercise does even more help. It helps boost the growth of more red blood cells, which can reduce anemia. But you must talk to your doctor about starting an exercise program.
So how do you fix anemia?
Your diet plays big part in it. You can start with eating an overall healthy diet rich in iron, leafy greens, nuts and seeds, seafood, meat, and beans can help you get the iron you need to manage anemia.
Here are some best Natural nutritional Remedies for Anemia:
The best diet plan for anemia includes foods rich in iron and other vitamins essential to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells. It should also include foods that help your body absorb iron better. There are number of good food choices but some and most common are,
Increase Vitamin C intake. Anemia tends to weaken your immune system and thus, you may be more prone to infections and inflammatory diseases.
Yogurt with Turmeric.
Eat more green vegetables.
Drink up. Fresh juices and Energy drinks.
Leafy greens like spinach and kale.
Meat is also a good option.
Seafood. As it is enriched with hundreds of nutrients and minerals.
I hope it will enough but consult your doctor before to adopt anything.